The best framework for a newspaper wigwam can be made of long-handled feather dusters, but long-handled brushes, or poles of any kind you may happen to have, will answer the purpose; all that is necessary is something you can make into a framework similar to . Tie your poles together at the top and spread them out at the base, tent-fashion.
Only three poles will be needed when the covering is of newspaper, but if you do not happen to have enough newspapers on hand for the entire outfit of tepees and costumes, you can use a white muslin sheet for the wigwam, in which case four poles will be needed . The sheet, not being stiff like the paper, requires more supports to make it stand out sufficiently. Should it be inclined to fall in between the poles, pull it out a little and lay a book over the edge which lies on the floor, as a weight, to keep the sheet in place.
If you would like the wigwam decorated in real Indian fashion, cut out large colored paper pictures and paste them around the lower part of the wigwam, forming a band of pictures. Be the covering either cloth or paper, it will look well decorated, but the covering must be taken off and the pictures pasted on. The covering should then be adjusted over the poles. One great beauty and attraction of this newspaper Indian material is that effective results can be produced quickly and with little work.
Fringe the central portion of the longest edge according to the fringe lines on . Cut the two boundary lines of fringe, A and A, up to the dotted line; then bend down all dotted lines. Bring the two ends together, allowing the fringe to come on the outside, and fit the point B over the other point B. This finishes the newspaper moccasin .
Use one sheet of paper for the little fringed sacque. Allow the paper to remain folded along the white central band, and fold the double layers crosswise through the centre, making four thicknesses. Cut an opening for the head according to dotted line C . Fringe the sides along dotted line D, as shown in diagram .
Unfold carefully, that the paper may not tear, and after cutting a slit from the neck partially down the centre of the front, you will have . If you wish to make the garment less liable to tear, paste narrow strips of muslin on the under side of the sacque, around the neck, down each side of the slit, and at the head of the fringe.
Fig. 172—Newspaper folded ready for making little squaw's sacque.
Fig. 173—Little squaw's newspaper sacque.
From a folded piece of newspaper cut the little squaw a head-dress . Let the top of the feather come on the fold of the paper. Turn over and crease down the straight edge of the band at the dotted line , making four layers.
Crown the little girl with the head-dress, pinning the ends together at the back with a safety-pin. Slip the moccasins on her feet, fastening them to the toe of the shoe with a little stiff paste, and your charming little squaw will be ready to play in the wigwam .
Older girls can make the Indian costume from the same patterns by cutting them larger.
The Indian boy needs a lot of fringed newspaper for his costume. Cut folded strips to make the fringe thick and in two layers. Fold down the solid edge of one strip and with safety-pins fasten the fold along the outside line of the boy's trousers and stockings, as in the photograph . Trim the other trouser leg and stocking in the same manner.
Fig. 175—Charming little squaw.
Fig. 176—Young Indian chief.
Cut a generous strip of double-layer fringe to fasten entirely around the boy's shoulders, extending across both back and chest. Reinforce the top edge of the band of fringe, and along the line where the solid paper meets the fringe, with strips of muslin, pasted on, to prevent tearing.
For the chief's
Fig. 177—Newspaper cut for chief's head-dress.
Fig. 178—Separate and open out the lower lengthwise halves of the head-dress which falls down the back.
The open base of the band lying against the boy's back causes the feathers to stand out and not fall flat and spoil the effect, as they otherwise might do. The photograph of the boy chieftain standing was taken expressly that you might see exactly how the newspaper costume of the Indian brave should look.
Fig. 179—Begin rolling paper strip for calumet this way.
Fig. 180—Continue rolling the paper.
When the corner roll is the right size, continue to roll the paper until a long round stick is formed . Paste the loose end of the stick on the roll and cut both ends off even, as indicated by the dotted lines in .
Bend the paper roll about six and a half inches from one end, and bring the bent portion over against and on top of the roll. Pin the fold down on the roll three inches from the bend; then turn up the open end to form the bowl of the pipe, which you must make stand erect should it seem inclined to lean .